Professor Helena Alviar, Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia, e-mail: halviar@uniandes.edu.co
Helena Alviar holds a Doctor in Economic Law and Gender from Harvard Law School. She is Director and Professor of the Doctorate and Master's in Law Program at the Universidad de los Andes in Bogota, Colombia. Additionally, she is a full time professor in the university's Undergraduate Law Program where she teaches Law and Development, Public Law Theory, Private Law Theory, Critical Approaches to Law, Legal Theory, Feminist Theory, Administrative Law and Introduction to Law. Periodically she serves as professor at other Colombian universities as the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Bogota, and at international universities such as University of Wisconsin, Universidad de Puerto Rico, The United Nations University for Peace in San Jose, Costa Rica. Professor Alviar is an expert in Feminist Approaches to Law and Development and Legal Issues, and had been in charge of several lectures and presentations in different countries. She has authored, among many others, Manual de Derecho Administrativo, (Administrative Law Manual) Ediciones Uniandes 2009; Derecho, Desarrollo y Feminismo en America Latina, (Law, Development and Gender in Latin America) Ediciones Uniandes, 2008; and "Nuevas Perspectivas en el Derecho Admnistrativo" ("New Perspectives in Administrative Law") Revista de Derecho Publico Uniandes Ed., Universidad de Los Andes, Bogota, March 2007

Justice Margot Botsford, Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, Boston, MA, e-mail: M.Botsford@sjc.state.ma.us
The Honorable Margot Botsford, Associate Justice, was born in New York, New York on March 16, 1947. She received her B.A. from Barnard College magna cum laude in 1969, and her J.D. form Northeastern University School of Law in 1973, and an M.P.A. degree from Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government in 2007. Upon graduating from law school, she served as Law Clerk to Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Justice Francis J. Quirico. During the next sixteen years she worked primarily in the public sector. She served four years as an Assistant Attorney General under Attorney General Frank Bellotti and later as an Assistant District Attorney in the office of Middlesex County District Attorney Scott Harshbarger for six years. She also practiced law in the private sector for one year as an associate at the firm of Hill & Barlow, and three years as a partner in the Boston law firm of Rosenfeld, Botsford & Krokidas. In 1989, she was appointed as an Associate Justice of the Superior Court, where she served for eighteen years. Governor Deval Patrick appointed her to the Supreme Judicial Court in September, 2007. Justice Botsford has taught at Northeastern University School of Law, Boston University Law School, the National Judicial College, and the Flaschner Judicial Institute. Among her awards and honors are Judciial Excellence Awards from the Massachusetts Judicial Conference and the Massachusetts Academy of Trial Attorneys, and the Haskell Cohn Distinguished Judicial Service Award from the Boston Bar Association.

Professor Danie Brand, University of Pretoria, South Africa, e-mail: Danie.Brand@up.ac.za
Danie Brand is a senior lecturer in the Department of Public Law at the University of Pretoria, South Africa where he teaches adminstrative law, land reform law and constitutional law. He is also a research associate of the Centre for Human Rights at the University of Pretoria, where he is involved in research regarding the enforcement of socio-economic rights. He has published in the area of constitutional and human rights law and has co-edited two books on the domestic enforcement of soci-economic rights. He is an editor of the academic journals SA Public Law and Constitutional Court Review and is editorial manager of the Pretoria University Law Press (PULP).

Iain Byrne, Senior Lawyer, The International Centre for the Protection of Human Rights, Essex University, UK, e-mail: IByrne@interights.org
Iain Byrne is Senior Lawyer with lead responsibility for leading litigation work on economic and social rights at INTERIGHTS, the international centre for the legal protection of human rights, based in London. Since 2000 he has been a Fellow of the Human Rights Centre, University of Essex. From 2001 until 2008 he led INTERIGHTS' work in the Commonwealth, including editorship of the Commonwealth Human Right Law Digest. He has litigated widely in domestic fora across the Commonwealth and beyond and before the European Committee of Social Rights, the European Court of Human Rights and the UN Human Rights Committee. Recent European Social Charter cases include sexual and reproductive health rights eductationin Croatioa; the housing rights of the ROma in Greece addressing systematic and ongoing forced evictions. Recent European Court of Human Rights cases include a third party invervention in Orsus v Croatia concerning the education rights of linguistic minorities. Recent UN Human Rights Committee cases include Sanjeevan v Sri Lanka. He has taught for many years on both the LLM and MA Human Rights courses at the University of Essex focusing on economic, social and cultural rights. He has lectured widely in the UK and abroad and conducted training courses for the United Nations, Amnesty International and the British Council in Europe, Latin America, Africa, South Asia and the Pacific. For two consecutive years he taught the first graduate Diploma Course on Human Rights to be run in Brazil, in conjunction with the University of Brasilia and the British Council. In April 2007 he was Visiting Professor at the Human Rights Centre, UN University of Peace, Costa Rica. He was previously Research Officer and then an Associate of the University's Democratic Audit project, carrying out British Council consultancy projects in Palestine and Zimbabwe and currently sits on the Advisory Board. He is a member of the Executive Committee of the EuroMed Human Rights Network and participated in the first international mission to Israel and teh Occupied Territories during the 2000 intifada. He has authored numerous articles, papers and books on human rights and democracy issues including The Human Rights Digest with Keir Starmer QC, Democracy Under Blair: A Democratic Audit of the UK with Stuart Weir et al and, ost recently, Unequal Britain: an ESR Audit of the UK with Stuart Weir et. al. He is currently co-authoring The Judicial Protection of ESR in south Asia which is due to be published by OUP in 2009.

Daniela Caruso, email:
Danieala Caruso
is a professor at Boston University School of Law. Her research long focused on European and comparative law in the fields of private law, equality, and federalism, and on the implications of European integration for state-based social legislation. In recent years, her work has focused on education law and interdisciplinary work on the law of autism.

Justice Manuel José Cepeda, Constitutional Court, Colombia, e-mail: manueljcepeda@gmail.com
Manuel Cepeda is the former President of the Constitutional Court (June, 2005-April, 2006) and Justice, Constitutional Court (2001-2009). Mr. Cepeda was Dean lf the Law School of Universidad de los Andes from 1996-2000. He served as Ambassador of Colombia to UNESCO from 1993-1995 and thereafter to the Helvetic Confederation during 1995-1996. He was Presidential advisor for the Constituent Assembly and Constitutional Drafting fro President of the Republic Cesar Gaviria Trujillo from 1990-1991, and Presidential Advisor for legal affairs for President of the REpublic VIrgilio Barco Vargas from 1987-1990. Mr. Cepeda is the author of several constitutional law books. He graduated in 1986 (Magna Cum laude) from the Universidad de Los Andes, and received a Master of Laws in 1987 from Harvard Law Chool.

Christian Courtis, UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Human Rights & Economic and Social Issues Unit, Geneva, Switzerland, e-mail: CCourtis@ohchr.org
Christian Courtis is a Human Rights Officer with the Human Rights & Economic and Social Issues Unit, UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva. He was formerly the LEgal Officer for Economic, Social and Cultural Rigths fo the International Commission of Jurists, Geneva (2006-2008). He is a professor of the University of Buenos Aires Law School (on leave), and has been invited professor in the universities of Chile, France, Honduras, Mexico and the US.

Dennis Davis, Judge of the High Court, Cape Town, South Africa, e-mail:ddavis@justice.gov.za
Dennis M. Davis is Judge of the High Court of South Africa for the Western Cape Division, which sits in Cape Town. He is also the Judge President of South Africa's Competition Court and sits on the Labour Court of Appeal. He was a professor at the University of Cape Town and the Unviersity of the Witwatersrand, a visiting professor at Harvard Law School and NEw York Unviersity, and for many years he was director of the Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS) in Johannesburg. He continues to teach regularly as an honorary (adjunct) professor at UCT and is the author fo many books and articles. He is a well-known television personality in South Africa, noted for his panache in interviewing high level figures in government and civil society.

Professor Martha Davis, Northeastern University School of Law, Boston, US, e-mail: m.davis@neu.edu
Martha Davis, Professor of Law at Northeastern University School of Law, teaches Women's Rights Lawyering, Constitutional Law and Professional Responsibility. She is also a faculty director for the law school's Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy. Professor Davis has written widely on women's rights, poverty and human rights. In addition to her numerous articles she recently co-edited Bringing Human Rights Home, a three-volume work chronicling the US human rights movement. In 2009, Bringing Human Rights Home was named one of the "best books in the field of human rights" by the US Human Rights Network. Professor Davis's book, Brutal Need: Lawyers and the Welfare Rights Movement, received the Reginald Heber Smith Award for distinguished scholarship on the subject of equal access to justice, and was also honored by the American Bar Association in its annual Silver Gavel competition. Prior to joining the law faculty in 2002, Professor Davis was vice president and legal director for the NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund. As a women's rights practitioner, she was counsel in a number of cases before the US Supreme Court, including Nguyen v. INS, a challenge to sex-based citizenship laws that Professor Davis argued before the court. Professor Davis has also served as a fellow at the Bunting Institute, as the first Kate Stoneman Visiting Professor of Law and Democracy at Albany Law School and a s a Soros Reproductive Rights Fellow. During 2008-2009, PRofessor Davis was a visiting fellow at the Human Rights Program at Harvard Las School, and a non-resident fellow fo the Women and Public Policy Program at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. Professor Davis chairs the board of directors of the National Economic and Social Rigths Initiative and serves on the editorial board of the Harvard School of Public Health's publication Health and Human Rights.

Professor Roberto Gargarella, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, e-mail: roberto.gargarella@gmail.com
Roberto Gargarella is a Professor at Universidad de Buenos Aires and at Universidad Di Tella. He was a Visiting Professor at Columbia University in 2008 and a Visiting Scholar at Central European University in 2007. He has authored numerous books and articles on constitutional and social rights including The Legal Foundations of Inequality, Constitutionalism in the Americas, 1776-1860 (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2009); The Accountability Function of Courts, ed. con B. Wilson et al (Palgrave, forthcoming 2009); and Should Deliberative Democrats Defend the Judicial Enforcement of Social Rights? in S. Besson & J.L.Marti eds., Deliberative Democracy and its Discontents, Ashgate, Inglaterra (2007). Professor Gargarella is the recipient of many awards including Tinker and Fulbright Scholarships and Guggenheim Fellowships. He obtained degrees in Post-Doctoral studies, Balliol College, Oxford, 1994 and Jurisprudence Doctor, University of Chicago, 1993.

Chris Jochnick, Director of the Private Sector Department, Oxfam America and Coordinator of the Private Sector Team, Oxfam International, e-mail: CJochnick@OxfamAmerica.org
Chris Jochnick is the Director of the Private Sector Department at Oxfam America and Coordinator of the Private Sector Team of Oxfam International. Mr. Jochnick is the co-founder and former Director of the Center for Economic and Social Rigths (NY) and the Centro de Derechos Economicos y Sociales (Ecuador). He has worked for twenty years on issues of human rights and corporate accountability, including severn years in Latin America supporting grassroots campagins around trade, health and extractive industries. He co-authored and brought some of the first reports and petitions on economic and social rights to UN, OAS and OAU human rights bodies. HE has participated in a number of multi-stakeholder initiatives and sits on teh Steering Committee of the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights and on the International Advisory Panel of JO-IN. Prior to joining Oxfam, Mr. Jochnick worked as a corporate attorney with the Wall Street law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison, where he advised companies on environment and social liabilities. Mr. Jochnick is a graduate of Harvard Law School, a former MacArthur Research and Writing fellow and Echoing Green fellow. He recently co-editied the book Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads (Oxford, 2007) and has published and lectured widely on issues of human rights, business and development. He taught a course on economic and social rights at Columbia University and currently teaches a course on business and human rights at Harvard Law School.

Professor Karl Klare, Northeastern University School of Law, Boston, US, e-mail: k.klare@nue.edu
Karl Klare, Professor of Law at Northeastern University School of Law, focuses on labor and employment law and legal theory, fields in which he has written and lectured extensively. In 1993, he was named Matthews Distinguished University Professor, one of Northeastern's highest honors. He has been a visiting professor at the universities of British Columbia, Michigan and Toronto and held a senior Fulbright chair at the European University Institute in FLorence, Italy. During the 1960's, Professor Klare participated in the civil rights, antiwar and student movements. His activism and writing now focus on workplace issues and human rights. In recent years, he has worked on numerous projects with lawyers in South Africa. He is coordinator of the International Network on Transforamtive Employment and Labor Law (INTELL).

Professor Hope Lewis, Northeastern University School of Law, Boston, US, e-mail:h.lewis@neu.edu
Hope Lewis, Professor of Law at Northeastern University School of Law, specializes in international law, including human rights. She co-edited Human Rights and the Global marketplace: Economic, Social, and Cultural Dimensions (with Jeanne Woods, 2005), the first US human rights textbook to focus primarily on globalization and economic, social and cultural rights. It received the "Notable Contribution to Human Rights Scholarship" award from the US Human Rights Network in 2008. A co-founder of the law school's Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy, Lewis co-edits the SSRN online publication, Human Rights and the Global Economy. Her articles exploring race, gender, transnational migration and culture appear in leading law reviews and journals on international law, race and the law, and gender and the law. She is a regular contributor to IntLawGrrls.com, the international law professors' blog. Professor Lewis was a fall 2008 Sheila Biddle Ford Foundation Fellow at Harvard University's Du Bois Institute for African and African-American Research and received the 2001 Haywood Burns-Shanara Gilbert Award in recognition of her teaching, scholarship and human rights advocacy. She has been a visiting scholar at Harvard Law School and the Washington College of Law at American University. She is also an elected member of the executive committee of the Association of American Law Schools' Section on International Law. Prior to joining the law faculty in 1991, Professor Lewis served as an attorney-adviserin the Office of Chief Counsel of the US Securities and Exchange Commission, where her responsibilities included the international regulation of investment funds and financial advisers. As a human rights lawyer for TransAfrica Forum, the NGO for US foreign policy toward Africa and the Caribbean in the late 1980's, she researched anti-apartheid legislation, African women's economic and reproductive rights, and the history of African-American internationalism. She currently teaches International Law, Human Rights and the Global Economy, and related courses.

Professor Sandra Liebenberg, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa, e-mail:sliebenb@sun.ac.za
Sandra Liebenberg currently holds the H.F. Oppenheimer Chair in Human Rights Law in the Law Faculty of the University of Stellenbosch. She holds a BA LLB degree from the University of Cape Town, and a LLM degree in Advanced Human Rights Law (with distinction) from the University fo Essex. She is admitted as an attorney of the HIgh Court of South Africa. She previously served as a member of the Technical Committee advising the Constitutional Assembly on the Bill of Rights in the 1996 Constitution of South Africa. In this capacity she was responsible for researching and making recommendations on the inclusion of socio-economic rights in the Constitution. She founded and directed the Socio-Economic Rights Project based at the Community Law Centre (University of the Western Cape) where she was involved in research, advocacy and supporting litigation in the area of socio-economic rights. In this capacity she was involved in the Centre's amicus curiae interventions in the groundbreaking cases of Government of South Africa v Grootboom and Minister of Health and Others v Treatment Action Campaign and Others. Since taking up her current position at Stellenbosch University, Professor LIebenberg has acted as expert advisor and assisted in drafting heads of argument amici submisisons for various NGOs involved inother significant socio-economic rights cases. These include President of the RSA and Another v Modderklip Boerdery (Pty) Ltd, Occupiers of 51 Olivia Road v City of Johannesburg, and Various Occupiers v Thubelisha Homes and OThers ('Joe Slovo' case), and Florence Mahlangu v Minister of Social Development (child support grant extension case). She serves on the editorial board of the South African Journal on Human Rights, the African Human Rights Law Journal, and Speculum Juris. She is also a board member of the South African Institute for Advanced Constitutional, Human Rights and INternational Law (SAIFAC, Constitution Hill, Johannesburg) and the Institute for Human Rigths and Development (The Gambia). Professor Liebenberg has published widely in the field of socio-economic rights, and is currently working on a book on the adjudication of these rights under South Africa's transformative Constitution.

Professor Frank Michelman, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, US, e-mail: fmichel@law.harvard.edu
Frank I. Michelman
is Robert Walmsley University Professor, Harvard University, where he has taught since 1963. He is the author of Brennan and Democracy (1999), and ahs published widely in the fields of constitutional law and theory, property law and tehory, local government law, and jurisprudence. Professor Michelman is a past President of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy, and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2005, he was awarded the American Philosophical Society's Phillips Prize in Jurisprudence. He is a member of the Board of Directors fo the United States Association of Constitutional Law and of the National Advisory Board of the American Constitution Society. Over the past several years, he has maintained an active interest in matters of constitutionalism in South Africa.

S Muralidhar, Judge of the High Court, Delhi, India, e-mail: murush@gmail.com

Professor Colm O’Cinneide, Faculty of Law, University College London, e-mail: c.o’cinneide@ucl.ac.uk
Colm O'Cinneide
is a Senior Lecturer in Law at the Faculty fo Laws, University College London, and is Vice-President of the European Committee on Social Rights. He is also a member of the Irish Bar and of the academic advisory board of Blackstone Chambers, London, and has also published extensively on issues of human rights, socio-economic rights adjudication, constitutional law and equality and anti-discrimination.

Professor Shiro Okubo, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan, e-mail: s-okubo@law.ritsumei.ac.jp
Shiro Okubo
is Professor of Law, Ritsumeikan University Law School and Director of the Institute of International Relations and Area Studies at Ritsumeikan University. His major field is Constitutional Law, Fundamental Human Right, Judicial Review, and National Security. He has held numerous Visiting Scholar and Visiting Professor positions over the years at international and US universities including the University of Tokyo, Institute of Social Science; University of Ryukoku; University of Minnesota School of Law; the School of Internationl Service, the American University; and Washington College of Law, the American University. Professor Okubo has authored numerous books and articles on constitutional, human rights and globalization issues including: GUROBALIZEISHON TO NINGEN NO ANZENHOSHO (Globlization and Human Security), Ed. Nihon Hyoronsha, 2007; NINGEN NO ANZENHOSHO TO JINSHIN TORIHIKI (Human Security and Human Trafficking), ed., Nihon Hyoronsha, 2007; Jinken Taikei (Human Rights System), Sugihara ed., Encyclopedia of Constitution, 369-376 (2008); and "Freedom from Fear and Want", "the Right to Live in Peace, and "Human Security" 15 Ritsumeikan International Affairs, 1-15 (2007).

Bruce Porter, Director, Social Rights Advocacy Centre, Ontario, Canada, e-mail:bporter@socialrightsadvocacy.ca
Bruce Porter
is a human rights consultant and researcher and a well-known advocate for poor peoples' human rights in Canada and internationall. He is the Director of the Social Rights Advocacy Centre and the Co-ordinator of the Charter Committee on Poverty Issues (CCPI). He has co-ordinated 11 interventions by CCPI at the Supreme Court of Canada to promote the rights of poor people under the Canadian Charter, including the Chaoulli case on the right to health and the Gosselin case on the right to adequate social assistance. He recently spearheaded a constitutional challenge by CCPI to NAFTA's failure to protect fundamental human rights. He is the Co-Director of a five year research project into social rights accountability, funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council in Canada, partnering four non-governmental organizations and five universities. Mr. porter has published and spoken widely on social rights in South Africa, Northern Ireland and other countries and spoken to judes across Canada and internationally. He has spearheaded important initiatives at United nations for more effective review, adjudication and enforcement of social rights. He was a founding member of ESCR-Net and is a member of teh Steering Committee of teh NGO Coalition for an Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

Dean Emily Spieler, Northeastern University School of Law, Boston, US, email:
Emily Spieler
, Dean of Northeastern University School of Law, was appointed to lead the School of Law in 2002. Dean Spieler is a leading authority on employment law and social insurance systems. Prior to joining the Northeastern community, she served as sthe Hale J. and Roscoe P. Posten Professor of Law at West Virginia University College of Law. Dean Spieler joined the academic community in 1990, after holding a variety of senior positions in the public sector, including service as commissioner of West Virginia's Workers' Compensation Fund, as teh state's first deputy attorney general for civil rights, and a a member of the state Human Rights Commisssion. In the 1970's, Dean Spieler practiced law in Boston, specializing in the legal problems of women workers. She was and early member of the Women's Law Collective, a feminist legal practice based in Cambridge, and also served as special assistant attorney general for the Massachusetts Department of Public Health's Lead Poisoning Prevention Division. Dean Spieler has received a wide variety of honors and awards, including a 2001 Fulbright award that allowed her to spend a semester at University College in Cork, Ireleand, and the West Virginia Martin Luther King Jr. Advocacy of justice Award. She has served as a member of committees of the National Academies of Sciences, the National Academy of Social Insurance, the US Department of Energy and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Her research and teaching interests are in the areas of employment law and social insurance programs.

Namita Wahi, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, US, email: nwahi@sjd.law.harvard.edu
Namita Wahi
is an SJD student at Harvard Law School working in the areas of constitutional law and political, legal and social theory. Her dissertation project aims to provide a normative theory of horizontal accountability of private actors like corporations. Namita graduated from National Law Schoole, Bangalore with undergraduate and law degrees (B.A. L.L.B. (Hons.)) She has an L.L.M. from Harvard where she was awarded the John Laylin Prize for the "Best paper in International Law". She has published an article on, "Human Rights Accountability of the IMF and the World Bank: A Critique of Exisiting Mechanisms and a Theory of Horizontal Accountability" 12 U.C. Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y (2006). Prior to joining the S.J.D. programme, she worked as a litigator with Davis Polk and Wardwell, where she practiced in the areas of bankruptcy, securities, products liability, and pro bono criminal defense and asylum law.

Professor Lucy Williams, Northeastern University School of Law, Boston, US, e-mail: lu.williams@neu.edu
Lucy Williams
is Professor of Law at Northestern University School of Law. A nationally recognized authority on welfare law and low-wage labor, Professor Williams focuses on the dependency created in low-wage labor relationships, and how the political rhetoric connecting "dependency" with receipt of welfare has diverted attention from the structural issues within low-wage labor markets. She has a long and impressive record both as an academic and a litigator in the areas of unemployment insurance, Social Security and related welfare programs. In recent years, she has expanded her work to address issues of global poverty and she is currently serving a two-year term on teh Scientific Committee for the Comparative Research Programme on Poverty which focuses on law and development in 'lesser developed' countries. Prior to joining the Northeastern faculty, she was an attorney with the Massachusetts Law Reform Institute for 12 years. Professor Williams teaches in the area of social welfare law, and has written articles for publications including the Yale Law Journal and Politics and Society, and is involved in the law school's Legal Skills in Social Context program. In 1994-1995, she was honored by the school as the Public Interest Distinguished Professor.

Alicia Ely Yamin, Joseph H. Flom Global Health and Human Rights Fellow, Harvard Law School, e-mail: ayamin@law.harvard.edu
Alicia Ely Yamin is the Joseph H. Flom Fellow on Global Health and Human Rights at Harvard Law School and an Instructor at the Harvard School of PUblic Health. Before beginning her fellowship in 2007, she was the Director of Research and Investigations at Physicians for Human Rights, where she oversaw all of the organization's field investigations. Ms. yamin has conducted human rights documentation and advocacy with NGOs in Latin America and the United States for over fifteen years. She is internationally recognized as a leader in teh conceptualization and implementation of rights-based approaches to health, and has published dozens of articles and several books relating to health and human rights in btoh English and Spanish. Ms. yamin is Executive Editor (Critical Concepts) of teh journal Health and Human Rights, and a Special Advisor to Amnesty International's Dignity Campaign. She serves on the Boards of the Center for Economic and Social Rights and Mental Disability Rights International, as well as on the Steering Committee of the Madrid-based initiative, Human RIghts Ahead. She is also a member of the editorial review boards of Human Rights Quarterly, Human Rights and the Global Economy and the Revista Iberoamericana de Derechos Humanos. Ms. Yamin also serves on multiple advisory boards in Latin America and the United States, including the Program on Health and Human Rights of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia and the Center for Policy Analysis on Trade and Health.